Resolutions of Marrakech Conference of the Parties (COP 22) : History Repeats?

Nov 30, 2016

The twenty-second session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 22), the twelfth session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 12), and the first session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA 1) were held in Bab Ighli, Marrakech, Morocco concluded here on 18th instant.
 It was concluded on 18 November 2016 under the leadership of the President of COP 22/CMP 12/CMA 1, H.E Mr. Salaheddine Mezouar,  Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Morocco, with a hope that Parties will engage in an open and inclusive process to lay a solid foundation to implement the mandates in the Paris Agreement and to accelerate action on climate change. 
 Climate change as one of the most important global environmental challenges, with implications for food production, water supply, health, energy etc. Moreover Climate Change is happening now and is having very real consequences on people's lives.  In a global perspective it is easy to state that unfinished agenda of earlier conference have dominated the sustainability initiative that COP 22 intended to focus. In other words it opened a plethora of issues on important global environmental challenges with implications for food production, GHG emissions, health, energy and water supply etc for resolution and subsequent negotiations. Moreover one can still derive some positives not only from the critics opinion but  the deliberations also. The Conferences primarily dealt with three main agendas:  1. Matters relating to the entry into force of the Paris Agreement 2. to oversee the implementation of the work programme under the Paris Agreement 3. To review the Adaptation Fund to serve the Paris Agreement. These are being detailed in short. 1. Matters relating to  entry into force  of the Paris Agreement  by  recalling decision 1/CP.21,  Welcomes the entry into force of the Paris Agreement on 4 November 2016;  Also welcomes the signature of the Paris Agreement by almost all Parties to the Convention; Congratulates Parties to the Convention that have ratified, accepted or approved the Paris Agreement and invites those that have not done so to deposit their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, where appropriate, with the Depositary as soon as possible.  On completion of the work programme under the Paris Agreement, Conferences expresses its appreciation for overseeing the implementation. and to accelerate work and forward the outcomes at the latest to the third part of the first session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement to be convened in conjunction with the twenty-fourth session of the Conference of the Parties (December 2018) for its consideration and adoption.  Decides to convene, at the second part of its first session, a joint meeting with the Conference of the Parties, at its twenty-third session (November 2017). It underscores  the importance of inclusiveness, transparency and openness in the completion of the work programme under the Paris Agreement, Stressing the urgency for completion of the work programme under the Paris Agreement resulting from the relevant requests contained in section III of decision 1/CP.21 in order to accelerate its implementation, to review progress on the implementation of the work programme under the Paris Agreement;  Thirdly on Adaptation Fund  it  was decided  that the Adaptation Fund should serve the Paris Agreement, following and consistent with decisions to be taken at the third part of the first session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement, to be convened in conjunction with the twenty-fourth session of the Conference of the Parties, and by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol that address the governance and institutional arrangements, safeguards and operating modalities of the Adaptation Fund.  Finally an Initiative of Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action was launched and Marrakech Action Proclamation for   Climate and Sustainable Development was adapted to support the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its Sustainable Development Goals. 
 
 Lastly the purpose of CoP 22 was to write and define a regulation to achieve the objective of  limiting the temperature increase below 2 degrees. But this  task has not  been carried out in a rigorous and focused manner. It needed more determination, to be plan meticulously, give legal foundations, establish clear rules for monitoring and reporting, launch incentives to encourage goals  and  ambitions. The Marrakech Conference marks an important inflection point in our commitment to bring together the global community to tackle one of the greatest challenges of the millennium. Its answer too lies in future.