State Bird -Chhattisgarh:-Hill Myna

Nov 30, 2016


Common Name :-Hill Myna 

Local Name :-Mynah

Zoological Name :-Gracula religiosa

Distinctive Identification

Size between 28 cm. to 30 cm. and weigh between 200 to 250 g. Upper parts are green-glossed black, with bright orange-yellow patches of naked skin and fleshy wattles on the side of its head and nape. Large, white wing patches are obvious in flight, but mostly covered when the bird is sitting.

Bill and strong legs are bright orangish yellow, and there are orangish yellow wattles on the nape and under the eye. Plumage is green-glossed black, with purple-tinged on the head and neck. Large white wing patches which are obvious in flight but mostly covered when the bird is sitting.

Conservational Status

Schedule - I, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Least Concern (LC) by the IUCN.


Hill myna is found Sri Lanka and the Western Ghats of India, east and north-east India east to southern China. Himalayan foothills up to about 2500 ft., also occur through Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh, and the lower Himalayas.  

Habit and Habitat

Hill myna like areas where rainfall and humidity are both high. They prefer jungles, evergreen, and wet deciduous forests. They occurs in moist or semi-evergreen forest in lowlands, hills and mountains. They usually occur in pairs and do occur in small groups. Their flight is rapid and direct, and in flight their wings produce the same whirring sound.

They build a nest in hole. The usual clutch is 2-3 eggs. Nest a collection of grasses, leaves, and feathers in a tree hole. Both sexes search for this small hole.

Eggs 2 to 3, deep-blue, sparsely spotted and blotched with reddish-brown or chocolate. The incubation period often lasts between 14 to 18 days. Both sexes incubate eggs, but female spends more time incubating than the male, however, both parents tend the young equally when they hatch.



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