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Only 2% Increase In Swachhta In These 5 States In 15 YearsOct 15, 2016
Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Jharkhand are the worst performing states under the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM),
According to government data, no more than 23 % households in these five states use toilets, as on September 28, 2016, an increase of only two per cent over 15 years. The worst-performing states under the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) are the same as they were under the Total Sanitation Campaign , launched 17 years ago by NDA-1 - the first time the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) came to power.
The United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government that changed the name of the campaign to Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Campaign) increased it to 607 districts.Together, these states account for 37 % of India's 1.2 billion people : 448 million people live in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Jharkhand - only China with 1.3 billion has more people than these five states. Without headway here, the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) is not likely to succeed.Bihar had the lowest proportion of households with toilets in 2016: 25 %, which is an improvement from 22 % in 2014, according to government data.Odisha reported an increase in the proportion of households with toilets, from 12 % in 2014 to 33 % in 2016, the largest increase among the bottom five states , but it is still it below the national average of 55% households with individual toilets.Odisha also reported the largest proportion of households racticing open defecation (77 %), followed by Bihar (76 %) and Jharkhand (64 %), according to an answer given to the Lok Sabha by the Minister of Sanitation in February 2016.
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